9 Facts about Disability in Vietnam

Get a better understanding of what it means to live with a disability in Vietnam.

 

 

 

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  1. 15.3% of Vietnam’s population has one or multiple disabilities.

This corresponds to more than 13 million people. Of this group, 3 million people have more than  one disability.

 

 

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  1. 75% of Vietnamese people with disabilities live in rural areas. 

This means that they generally have very limited access to quality medical care, schooling, transportation and employment. People in rural areas are generally also uninformed about disability issues.

 

  1. The rights of people with disabilities are protected in the Constitution.

According to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the state will create equal opportunities for all citizens and will adopt policies to support people with disabilities. Unfortunately, people with disabilities remain disadvantaged in many ways.

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  1. Vietnamese children with disabilities are much less likely to attend school than children without disabilities.

While only 5% of people without disabilities have never attended school, almost 20% of people with disabilities haven’t. Moreover, only 76% of people with disabilities are literate, as opposed to 95% of people with disabilities.

  1.  Vietnamese people with disabilities are much more likely to  be unemployed than people without disabilities.

Almost 10% of people with disabilities is unemployed, whereas less than  5% percent of people without disabilities is. In urban areas, people with  disabilities are actually 3 times as likely to be unemployed than other  people. One important issue is that many companies don’t know how to employ people with disabilities, or that it is even possible. Enablecode is helping to change employers’ perceptions of what people with disabilities are capable of.

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  1. Vietnamese people with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty than other people.

On average, living conditions for people with disabilities are not much worse than for people without disabilities in Vietnam. However, due to low levels of education and training, many persons with disabilities are unable to find good jobs and have a stable income. As a result, more than 70% of those with disabilities are financially dependent on their families or on social allowances. In urban areas, many people with disabilities can also be found begging or selling lottery tickets, among other things.

 

  1. Many Vietnamese people with disabilities have limited access to healthcare.

Almost 60% of people with disabilities and 80% of households that include a person with a disability have trouble accessing healthcare services. Some common reasons for this include lack of financial resources and lack of qualified doctors, especially in rural areas. In many parts of the country, there simply aren’t many good healthcare facilities.

 

  1. Transportation is a challenge for people with disabilities in Vietnam.2042419928_e7072ef5bc_m

The motorbike is the main form of transport in Vietnam, but many people with disabilities are unable to use a bike. In Ho Chi Minh city, the Disability Resource and Capacity Development Centre (DRD) provides people with free three-wheeled motorbikes, but these can still be difficult to ride. Similarly, in Ho Chi Minh City, there are only two bus lines (out of more than 100) that are accessible to people with disabilities.

 

  1. There is a lack of awareness about disability in Vietnam.

Very often, parents of children with disabilities believe that their children will never be able to live independently or take care of themselves. Similarly, many Vietnamese pity people with disabilities. People with disabilities unfortunately also experience a lot of discrimination and stigmatization. Some people even believe that seeing someone with a disability will give them bad luck. Enablecode’s team members, however are proving people that, even though they have a disability, they are capable of much more than many people think.

 

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Sources: 

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_emp/—ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_112407.pdf

http://vietnam.unfpa.org/webdav/site/vietnam/shared/Disability_ENG.pdf

http://nccd.molisa.gov.vn/attachments/221_BC%20thuong%20nien%202010%20tieng%20Anh%20cuoi.pdf

 

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